Michael was published in the edition of Lyrical Ballads. It tells the story of an aging shepherd, Michael, and his only child Luke. It is the concluding poem of Lyrical Ballads.
A Pastoral Poem - Poem by William Wordsworth Autoplay next video If from the public way you turn your steps Up the tumultuous brook of Greenhead Ghyll, You will suppose that with an upright path Your feet must struggle; in such bold ascent The pastoral mountains front you, face to face.
No habitation can be seen; but they Who journey thither find themselves alone With a few sheep, with rocks and stones, and kites That overhead are sailing in the sky. It is in truth an utter solitude; Nor should I have made mention of this Dell But for one object which you might pass by, Might see and notice not.
Beside the brook Appears a straggling heap of unhewn stones! And to that simple object appertains A story--unenriched with strange events, Yet not unfit, I deem, for the fireside, Or for the summer shade.
It was the first Of those domestic tales that spake to me Of shepherds, dwellers in the valleys, men Whom I already loved; not verily For their own sakes, but for the fields and hills Where was their occupation and abode. And hence this Tale, while I was yet a Boy Careless of books, yet having felt the power Of Nature, by the gentle agency Of natural objects, led me on to feel For passions that were not my own, and think At random and imperfectly indeed On man, the heart of man, and human life.
Therefore, although it be a history Homely and rude, I will relate the same For the delight of a few natural hearts; And, with yet fonder feeling, for the sake Of youthful Poets, who among these hills Will be my second self when I am gone.
His bodily frame had been from youth to age Of an unusual strength: Hence had he learned the meaning of all winds, Of blasts of every tone; and, oftentimes, When others heeded not, He heard the South Make subterraneous music, like the noise Of bagpipers on distant Highland hills.
The Shepherd, at such warning, of his flock Bethought him, and he to himself would say, "The winds are now devising work for me!
So lived he till his eightieth year was past. Fields, where with cheerful spirits he had breathed The common air; hills, which with vigorous step He had so often climbed; which had impressed So many incidents upon his mind Of hardship, skill or courage, joy or fear; Which, like a book, preserved the memory Of the dumb animals, whom he had saved, Had fed or sheltered, linking to such acts The certainty of honourable gain; Those fields, those hills--what could they less?
His days had not been passed in singleness. His Helpmate was a comely matron, old-- Though younger than himself full twenty years. She was a woman of a stirring life, Whose heart was in her house: This only Son, With two brave sheep-dogs tried in many a storm, The one of an inestimable worth, Made all their household.
I may truly say, That they were as a proverb in the vale For endless industry. When day was gone And from their occupations out of doors The Son and Father were come home, even then, Their labour did not cease; unless when all Turned to the cleanly supper-board, and there, Each with a mess of pottage and skimmed milk, 0 Sat round the basket piled with oaten cakes, And their plain home-made cheese.
Early at evening did it burn--and late, Surviving comrade of uncounted hours, Which, going by from year to year, had found, And left, the couple neither gay perhaps Nor cheerful, yet with objects and with hopes, Living a life of eager industry. And now, when Luke had reached his eighteenth year, There by the light of this old lamp they sate, Father and Son, while far into the night The Housewife plied her own peculiar work, Making the cottage through the silent hours Murmur as with the sound of summer flies.
This light was famous in its neighbourhood, And was a public symbol of the life That thrifty Pair had lived. There, while they two were sitting in the shade, With others round them, earnest all and blithe, Would Michael exercise his heart with looks Of fond correction and reproof bestowed Upon the Child, if he disturbed the sheep By catching at their legs, or with his shouts Scared them, while they lay still beneath the shears.
But soon as Luke, full ten years old, could stand Against the mountain blasts; and to the heights, Not fearing toil, nor length of weary ways, He with his Father daily went, and they Were as companions, why should I relate That objects which the Shepherd loved before Were dearer now?
And now, when he had reached his eighteenth year, He was his comfort and his daily hope. This unlooked-for claim, At the first hearing, for a moment took More hope out of his life than he supposed That any old man ever could have lost.
Such was his first resolve; he thought again, And his heart failed him. Our lot is a hard lot; the sun himself Has scarcely been more diligent than I; And I have lived to be a fool at last To my own family. An evil man That was, and made an evil choice, if he Were false to us; and if he were not false, There are ten thousand to whom loss like this Had been no sorrow.
When I began, my purpose was to speak Of remedies and of a cheerful hope. Our Luke shall leave us, Isabel; the land Shall not go from us, and it shall be free; He shall possess it, free as is the wind That passes over it.
If here he stay, What can be done? Where every one is poor, What can be gained? These thoughts, and many others of like sort, Passed quickly through the mind of Isabel, And her face brightened. The old Man was glad, And thus resumed: Far more than we have lost is left us yet.
The Housewife for five days Was restless morn and night, and all day long Wrought on with her best fingers to prepare Things needful for the journey of her son. But Isabel was glad when Sunday came To stop her in her work: And when they rose at morning she could see That all his hopes were gone.
That day at noon She said to Luke, while they two by themselves Were sitting at the door, "Thou must not go: We have no other Child but thee to lose None to remember--do not go away, For if thou leave thy Father he will die.
That evening her best fare Did she bring forth, and all together sat Like happy people round a Christmas fire.William Blake () A selective list of online literary criticism for the nineteenth-century English Romantic poet and artist William Blake, with links to reliable biographical and introductory material and signed, peer-reviewed, and scholarly literary criticism.
Jan 27, · Wordsworth first attempt at a pastoral poem can be seen in “Michael”, the concluding poem of Lyrical Ballads. () A pastoral poem is defined as poem set in idealized, often artificial rural barnweddingvt.com: Resolved. Discussion of themes and motifs in William Wordsworth's Michael.
eNotes critical analyses help you gain a deeper understanding of Michael . William Wordsworth was born in at Cockermouth in the Lake District of England, and was educated at the University of barnweddingvt.com a young man he was fired with enthusiasm for the French Revolution, but the year he spent in France after graduating left him disillusioned with radical politics.
Answer: Michael was published in the edition of Lyrical Ballads. The poem is one of William Wordsworth’s best known poems and the subject of much critical literature.
It tells the story of an aging shepherd, Michael, and his only child Luke. As a pastoral poem “Michael” is the first attempt of William Wordsworth. It Read More.
William Wordsworth (7 April – 23 April ) was a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads ()..
Wordsworth's magnum opus is generally considered to be The Prelude, a semi-autobiographical poem of his early years that he revised and expanded a number of .