That is as much a function of the development of language in a culture as it has to do with truth. In most contexts today, we would not normally tell people, for example, that they look gay, although I heard that exact expression used in an old "Brady Bunch" episode a couple of weeks ago. If the meaning of a theological term has shifted so that its use is no longer clear, then for the sake of communication we probably need to find terms that will communicate rather than risk being misunderstood, or not heard at all.
There is more to it than simply choosing the readings of the oldest available manuscripts. Here are three historically important sets of rules published by some influential scholars of textual criticism: BengelGriesbachand Hort.
Critical Rules of Johann Albrecht Bengel In his essay Prodromus Novi Testamenti recte cauteque ordinandi [Forerunner of a New Testament to be settled rightly and carefully], Denkendorf,Johann Albrecht Bengel, a Lutheran schoolmaster, published a prospectus for an edition of the Greek Testament which he had already begun to prepare published in In it he outlines his text-critical principles, which included a novel classification of manuscripts into two primitive groups: The first group he supposed to be of Byzantine origin, and to it belonged the majority of modern manuscripts and the Syriac version; the second, of Egyptian provenance, was represented by Codex Alexandrinus and the manuscripts of the early Latin and Coptic versions.
In this work Bengel also set forth a very influential rule of criticism: This rule he expressed in four pregnant words: The following extract of these is taken from pages 13 through 17 of Fausset's translation: By far the more numerous portions of the Sacred Text thanks be to God labour under no variety of reading deserving notice.
These portions contain the whole scheme of salvation, and establish every particular of it by every test of truth.
The topic of the conversation was the radio interview I had about a year ago with another professor at WTS named Michael S. Horton. Professor Horton interviewed me on his radio program as I gave the Catholic understanding of Justification from my book Not By Faith Alone (Queenship Publishing, ). The Bible: A Very Short Introduction [John Riches] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. It is sometimes said that the Bible is one of the most unread books in the world, yet has been a major force in the development of Western culture and continues to exert an enormous influence over many people's lives. This Very Short Introduction looks at the importance accorded to the Bible. Detailed look from a Wesleyan perspective at the issue of inerrancy in the church today, assumptions and history, relation to revelation, concluding with a dynamic-plenary perspective that rejects absolute inerrancy.
Every various reading ought and may be referred to these portions, and decided by them as by a normal standard. The text and various readings of the New Testament are found in manuscripts and in books printed from manuscripts, whether Greek, Latin, Graeco-Latin, Syriac, etc.
We include all these under the title of Codices, which has sometimes as comprehensive a signification. These codices, however, have been diffused through churches of all ages and countries, and approach so near to the original autographs, that, when taken together, in all the multitude of their varieties, they exhibit the genuine text.
No conjecture is ever on any consideration to be listened to. It is safer to bracket any portion of the text, which may haply to appear to labour under inextricable difficulties. All the codices taken together, should form the normal standard, by which to decide in the case of each taken seperately.
The Greek codices, which posses an antiquity so high, that it surpasses even the very variety of reading, are very few in number: Although versions and fathers are of little authority where they differ from the Greek manuscripts of the New Testament, yet, where the Greek mauscripts of the New Testament differ from each other, those have the greatest authority, with which versions and fathers agree.
The text of the Latin Vulgate, where it is supported by the consent of the Latin fathers, or even of other competent witnesses, deserves the utmost consideration, on account of its singular antiquity.
The number of witnesses who support each reading of every passage ought to be carefully examined: And so, in fine, more witnesses are to be preferred to fewer; and, which is more important, witnesses who differ in country, age, and language, are to be preferred to those who are closely connected with each other; and, which is most important of all, ancient witnesses are to be preferred to modern ones.
For, since the original autographs and they were written in Greek can alone claim to be the well-spring, the amount of authority due to codices drawn from primitive sources, Latin, Greek, etc. A Reading, which does not allure by too great facility, but shines with its own native dignity of truth, is always to be preferred to those which may fairly be supposed to owe their origin to either the carelessness or the injudicious care of copyists.
Thus, a corrupted text is often betrayed by alliteration, parallelism, or the convenience of an Ecclesiastical Lection, especially at the begining or conclusion of it; from the occurence of the same words, we are led to suspect an omission; from too great facility, a gloss.
Where the passage labours under a manifold variety of readings, the middle reading is the best. There are, therefore, five principal criteria, by which to determine a disputed text.
The antiquity of the witnesses, the diversity of their extraction, and their multitude; the apparent origin of the corrupt reading, and the native colour of the genuine one. When these criteria all concur, no doubt can exist, except in the mind of a sceptic.Frequently Asked Questions Who wrote this list?
See the heading above and the credit below to find out who wrote this list. If you don't like the selections in this list or . The Bible: A Very Short Introduction [John Riches] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
It is sometimes said that the Bible is one of the most unread books in the world, yet has been a major force in the development of Western culture and continues to exert an enormous influence over many people's lives.
This Very Short Introduction looks at the importance accorded to the Bible. “We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the Church to an high and reverent esteem of the holy Scripture; and the heavenliness of the matter, the efficacy of the doctrine, the majesty of the style, the consent of all the parts, the scope of the whole (which is to give all glory to God), the full discovery it makes of the only way of man's .
This list represents only a tiny fraction of articles available on the New Advent website. For a more complete list, please see the full index for C or use the search box at the top of this page..
Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nuñez - Born at Jerez de la Frontera in Andalusia, Spain; dates of birth and death uncertain Cabot, John & Sebastian - Navigators and .
Different religious groups include different books in their biblical canons, in varying orders, and sometimes divide or combine books. Christian Bibles range from 73 books of the Catholic Church Bible, 66 books of the Protestant canon to the 81 books of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church canon..
The Tanakh (sometimes called the Hebrew Bible. The Original King James Version: The Superiority of the King James Bible.
The King James Bible has , words, The New International Version has 64, fewer words, The New King James Version 19, fewer words, and The Revised Standard Version 30, fewer.