Fair-Use Policy Introductions and conclusions play a special role in the academic essay, and they frequently demand much of your attention as a writer. A good introduction should identify your topic, provide essential context, and indicate your particular focus in the essay. A strong conclusion will provide a sense of closure to the essay while again placing your concepts in a somewhat wider context.
Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively throughout the text, and if there are a good number of them, then separate lists of tables and figures at the beginning of the paper may be expected.
Tables and figures should always have descriptive captions, and if they come directly from sources, the sources must be specifically credited in the captions with the same citation style that you use throughout the paper.
Introduction Your introduction is your opportunity to be at your most individual. A paper illustrating the costly effects of poor mine design, for instance, might open with the scenario of how a poorly designed pillar at a salt mine in Louisiana once collapsed, fracturing the surface above and draining an entire lake into the mine.
A paper on the supply and demand of nickel might begin by straightforwardly announcing that the paper will explain the uses of nickel, detail its market structure, and use data to forecast the future supply and demand of the metal.
As examples of how creative an introduction can be, here are the opening lines from a geography paper and a paper on optics, both of which use narrative technique to arouse our interest.
Note how the first excerpt uses an "I" narrator comfortably while the second excerpt does not use "I" even though the writer is clearly reflective about the subject matter.
I was driving the endless miles of Interstate 70 crossing Kansas when I began to notice that the exits all looked the same.
Our eyes often receive pictures of the world that are contrary to physical reality. A pencil in a glass of water miraculously bends; railroad tracks converge in the distance.
Normally you will not devote a separate section of the paper to this; in fact, often the thesis or objective is conveniently located either right at the beginning or right at the end of the Introduction.
A good thesis statement fits only the paper in which it appears. Avoid the purely mechanical act of writing statements like "The first topic covered in this paper is x.
The second topic covered is y. The third topic is. Here are two carefully focused and thoughtfully worded thesis statements, both of which appeared at the ends of introductory paragraphs: As this paper will show, the fundamental problem behind the Arab-Israeli conflict is the lack of a workable solution to the third stage of partition, which greatly hinders the current negotiations for peace.
Self-Study From the flat state of Indiana, here are two pages on how to write sound thesis statements: Instead, organize the body of your paper into sections by using an overarching principle that supports your thesis, even if that simply means presenting four different methods for solving some problem one method at a time.
Normally you are allowed and encouraged to use section headings to help both yourself and the reader follow the flow of the paper. Always word your section headings clearly, and do not stray from the subject that you have identified within a section.
As examples, I offer two sets of section headings taken from essays. The first is from Dr. Supply and Demand" Industry Structure The Mining and Properties of Asbestos World Resources and Reserves Economic Factors and Supply and Demand Problems Uses of and Substitutes for Asbestos The Issue of Health on Supply and Demand Just by considering the section headings in the above examples, we can begin to see the fundamental structures and directions of the essays, because both sets of headings break the paper topic into its natural parts and suggest some sort of a movement forward through a topic.
Note how these headings—as all section headings should—tell us the story of the paper and are worded just as carefully as any title should be. Most importantly, then, you must use your section headings in the same way that you use topic sentences or thesis statements: When you are stuck for a conclusion, look back at your introduction; see if you can freshly reemphasize your objectives by outlining how they were met, or even revisit an opening scenario from the introduction in a new light to illustrate how the paper has brought about change.
Beware of the temptation to open your final paragraph with "In conclusion," or "In summary," and then summarize the paper. Instead, let your entire conclusion stand as a graceful termination of an argument. What follows is an excerpt from a conclusion to a paper entitled "Exercise in the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis in Women.
The majority of evidence presented in this paper supports the hypothesis that exercise positively affects bone mineral density in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women.Term paper introduction body conclusion essay. by; on November 21, ; under Term paper introduction body conclusion essay • Leave a comment Brandpunt uitzending gemist euthanasia essay essay biodiversity conservation environment protection kraienkoppe chicken facts essay martin gender schema theory essays eid ul fitr short essay length lessay brit hotel bordeaux tiffany .
This page contains samples, tips and an outline of how to write an introduction, body and conclusion of an essay or research paper . Sep 03, · How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper Four Parts: Sample Conclusions Writing a Basic Conclusion Making Your Conclusion as Effective as Possible Avoiding Common Pitfalls Community Q&A The conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry%(79).
Write body paragraph step-by-step; Each sentence of each paragraph should relate to the introduction of your essay. You may find a good example on the web. The body must support and refer to the main topic idea as well. Usually, you need only 5 paragraphs all-in-all: introduction, body, and conclusion.
In brief, a paper’s introduction should define and limit the paper’s scope and purpose, indicate some sense of organization, and, whenever possible, suggest an overall argument.
Another important principle in technical writing is that the introduction should be problem-focused, giving the reader enough background so that the paper’s importance and relationship to key ideas are clear. Introductions and Conclusions Others write the introduction first but rewrite it significantly in light of what they end up saying in the body of their paper.
The introductions for most papers can be effectively written in one paragraph occupying half to three-quarters of the first page. Your introduction may be longer than that, and it .