The Blog a few days ago, fev found a headline from the Columbus Dispatch confusing: Children's major player in tumor war Having lived around Boston for decades, I had no trouble interpreting it; I'm sure there have been plenty of Globe headlines that referred to our Children's Hospital the same way.
Between andnearly million copies of 1, titles of these flat, wide, and very pocketable paperbacks were distributed to U. Armed Forces around the world.
For most of the U. And never had so many books found so many enthusiastic readers. How did it happen? The idea of producing low-cost books for overseas distribution originated in in the U.
Trautman, a young officer who headed the army Library Section, developed the scheme with assistance from H. Stahley Thompson, a U. Army graphic arts specialist. A key part of the plan was to use rotary presses normally used for printing magazines but available during wartime for other purposes because of the drop in the pro- duction of consumer goods.
But nothing on a large scale could be accomplished unless American publishers would accept the plan and allow current books to be reprinted.
Van Nostrand Company, who was a member of the executive committee of the Council on Books in Wartime. The council was the catalyst that turned a good idea from the U. Army into an efficient co- operative enterprise which involved the army, the navy, the War Production Board, over seventy publishing firms, and more than a dozen printing houses, composition firms, and paper suppliers.
The Council on Books in Wartime was a group of trade book publishers, librarians, and booksellers formed in to use books to contribute "to the war effort of the United Peoples. Malcolm Johnson proposed that the council not only support but actually operate the entire project.
A detailed plan of operation, negotiated with the armed forces and among the publishers themselves, was drawn up and 4 John Mrs fields cookie case study mis. Cole presented to the council's membership by W.
Warder Norton, pres- ident of W. Concessions had to be made to overcome ob- jections from certain publishers.
For example, a legal commitment was made against the postwar dumping of surplus books, and "text- books, educational books, and scientific and technical books" were excluded.
But it was W. Norton's firm support of the plan, his conviction that "this is the most valuable thing that bookmen can undertake in the conduct of the war," that convinced the pub- lishers, and in May the project was established as a council activity. Philip Van Doren Stern, the former executive editor of Pocket Books and an authority on printing production, was named project man- ager, and Armed Services Editions, Inc.
The plan called for the books to be sold to the army and navy by the council at cost of manufacture estimated at six cents a volume plus 10 percent for overhead. The books were distributed overseas only, and thus kept out of the civilian market and com- petition with book sales at home. Authors and publishers each received a royalty of one-half cent per copy.
This agreement was strictly enforced. For example, Irving Stone, whose books Lust for Life and Immortal Wife were published in the series, tried to "block off the royalties" on his books-"on the grounds that [they] were a small enough contribution to make to the war effort"-but was told "that other authors might need the money and so a firm policy had to be set.
Portability was the first con- sideration; each book had to fit in a pocket. Yet the rotary presses to be used were designed for magazines, not for pocket-sized pub- lications.
The solution was to print the books "two up," or in pairs, one book above the other, and then to separate them by a horizontal cut. An Introduction 5 Army, "they were to be printed as magazines and then cut in half to make pocket-sized books.
In both sizes, the text would be printed in double columns of type and, of course, the books would have to be bound on the short rather than the long side.
The committee met twice a week and made its selections primarily from current and forthcoming publications submitted in book or proof form by publishers.
Recreational reading was the first aim; com- mittee members chose a mixture of fiction and nonfiction titles, mostly current, that catered to "all levels of taste within reasonable limits. The first book published No. Rosten remembers with pride that "my book was the first pulled out of the cookie jar, where it mingled with the other selections.
Naturally there were dis- 6 John Y. Cole agreements, but they were primarily on matters of taste.
The ad- visory committee tended to favor books with serious literary pre- tensions; Ray Trautman looked with favor on popular best-sellers, westerns, and mysteries; and Isabel DuBois was somewhere be- tween. DuBois, however, rejected several titles that the navy had already ordered in quantity through its centralized book procure- ment system, and, as a result, there were several omissions the army felt were "regrettable," particularly James Farrell's Studs Lonigan.
There was a form of self-imposed censorship adhered to through "guidelines of acceptability," but the guidelines themselves were not controversial. No books were approved that contained statements or attitudes offensive to our Allies, any religious or racial group, or any trade or profession or that were not in accord "with the spirit of American democracy.Ahead of a full launch later this month, Land Rover has begun teasing the brand-new Evoque in the form of full-sized wire structures dotted around London in the UK.
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as Mrs. Fields used to be the only major cookie manufacturer that did not use frozen dough before making that decision with cheaper price No one believed Debbi Fields would make it Unexpected growth Since now the company is not truly “Mrs.
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