History Background The ideology of Nazism brought together elements of antisemitismracial hygieneand eugenicsand combined them with pan-Germanism and territorial expansionism with the goal of obtaining more Lebensraum living space for the Germanic people. Similar legislation soon deprived Jewish members of other professions of the right to practise.
Initially, the camp was meant to intimidate Poles to prevent them from protesting German rule and to serve as a prison for those who did resist. On April 27,Heinrich Himmler ordered construction of the camp.
In MayPoles were evicted from the vicinity of the barracks most of them were executedand a work crew comprising concentration camp prisoners was sent from Sachsenhausen. Corpses in a block of Auschwitz The first transport of prisoners, almost all Polish civilians, arrived in June and the SS administration and staff was established.
On March 1,the camp population was 10, Quite quickly, the camp developed a reputation for torture and mass shootings. Expansion of Auschwitz In MarchHimmler visited Auschwitz and commanded its enlargement to hold 30, prisoners.
The location of the camp, practically in the center of German-occupied Europe, and its convenient transportation connections and proximity to rail lines was the main thinking behind the Nazi plan to enlarge Auschwitz and begin deporting people here from all over Europe.
At this time only the main camp, later known as Auschwitz I, had been established. Himmler ordered the construction of a second camp forinmates on the site of the village of Brzezinka, roughly two miles from the main camp. Chemical giant I G Farben expressed an interest in utilizing this labor force, and extensive construction work began in October under terrible conditions and with massive loss of life.
About 10, Russian POWs died in this process. The greater part of the apparatus of mass extermination was eventually built in the Birkenau camp and the majority of the victims were murdered here.
More than 40 sub-camps, exploiting the prisoners as slave laborers, were also founded, mainly as various sorts of German industrial plants and farms, between and The largest of them was called Buna Monowitz, with ten thousand prisoners and was opened by the camp administration in on the grounds of the Buna-Werke synthetic rubber and fuel plant, six kilometers from the Auschwitz camp.
On Novemberthe Buna sub-camp became the seat of the commandant of the third part of the camp, Auschwitz III, to which some other Auschwitz sub-camps were subordinated. The Germans isolated all the camps and sub-camps from the outside world and surrounded them with barbed wire fencing.
All contact with the outside world was forbidden. However, the area administered by the commandant and patrolled by the SS camp garrison went beyond the grounds enclosed by barbed wire.
With the additions, the main camp population grew from 18, in December to more than 30, in March By January27, women were living in Birkenau, in section B1a, in separated quarters. The gas chambers and crematoria at Birkenau were opened in March The Nazis marked all the Jews living in Europe for total extermination, regardless of their age, sex, occupation, citizenship, or political views.
They were killed for one reason, and one reason alone - because they were Jews.
Newly arrived persons classified by the SS physicians as unfit for labor were sent to the gas chambers:Auschwitz-Birkenau is the general term for the network of Nazi concentration and labor camps, established near the Polish city of Oswiecim.
Together this complex was the largest of all the Nazi death camps across Europe and could hold upwards of , inmates at any given time.
The complex, which. A July 2, act of the Polish parliament established the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum on the grounds of the two extant parts of the camp, Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau.
"There is a place on earth that is a vast desolate wilderness. The Auschwitz Concentration Camp ("Auschwitz" is the German spelling of "Oswiecim") quickly became the largest Nazi concentration and death camp.
By the time of its liberation, Auschwitz had grown to include three large camps and 45 sub-camps. The Auschwitz Concentration Camp ("Auschwitz" is the German spelling of "Oswiecim") quickly became the largest Nazi concentration and death camp. By the time of its liberation, Auschwitz had grown to include three large camps and 45 sub-camps.
May 30, · Watch video · Auschwitz, also known as Auschwitz-Birkenau, opened in and was the largest of the Nazi concentration and death camps.
Located in southern Poland, Auschwitz initially served as a detention. On 27 January Soviet soldiers entered the gates of the Auschwitz concentration camp complex in south-west Poland. The site had been evacuated by the Nazis just days earlier.
Thus ended the.