Qumran Qumran cave 4, where ninety percent of the scrolls were found The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in a series of twelve caves around the site known as Wadi Qumran near the Dead Sea in the West Bank of the Jordan River between and by Bedouin shepherds and a team of archeologists. Initial discovery — [ edit ] The initial discovery, by Bedouin shepherd Muhammed edh-Dhib, his cousin Jum'a Muhammed, and Khalil Musa, took place between November and February
Here is the list of the most significant: The Essene Theory This is the prevailing theory.
The presence of sectarian texts led Scholars to assume that the Scrolls were written by a sectarian Hebrew group, who decided to establish in Qumran to escape a kind of persecution. Many similarities between the community described in the Sea Scrolls and our knowledge of the Essene people has brought to consider that the Essene Theory was the most trustable hypothesis among all the others.
Schiffman bases his theory on the "Miqsat Ma'ase Ha-Torah" Scroll which is identical to the Sudducee laws and which also include a festival calendar according to the Sadducee festival days.
Jerusalem Origin Theory Others Scholars like Karl Heinrich Rengstorf, affirm that the scrolls were the product of Jews living in Jerusalem, who hid the scrolls in the caves near Qumran while fleeing from the Romans during the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE.
The Christian Origin Theory I have dedicated an entire post to this theory because it has generated a lot of controversies throughout the years. It can also change all the certainties we have about the history of Christianity, including the historical time of its origin.
The content is also unique: It is a the oldest treasure map ever found.
A list of 64 locations hiding gold, silver and precious priest garment. There is also the anomaly that seven of the location names are followed by a group of two or three Greek letters.
This similarity to the Greek inventories, would suggest that this scroll is in fact an authentic "temple inventory.
Conclusion It has been really interesting to explore the mystery of the Dead sea Scrolls, one of the most important archaeological findings of the History.
Sometime in order to find new different theories and hypothesis, scholars have lost the richness of the documents themselves and have created controversies and business. It must be written in some passages of the Scrolls!The Dead Sea Scrolls include a guide to hidden treasure.
One of the most intriguing manuscripts from Qumran is the Copper Scroll, a sort of ancient treasure map that lists dozens of gold and. Discovery and Publication Discovery.
East of the city of Jerusalem, the mountainous landscape plummets dramatically meters to the lowest point on earth, the Dead Sea. Some of the most dramatic biblical stories are set in the rocky caves of this region, between the Judean hills and the Dead Sea.
One of the last two parts of the Dead Sea Scrolls has finally been translated, thanks to researchers at the University of Haifa. Dr.
Eshbal Ratson and Prof. Jonathan Ben-Dov . The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered between and in a series of 11 caves by the archaeological site of Qumran in the Judean Desert, near the . Get a comprehensive, lecture introduction to the unique series of archaeological documents that have irrevocably altered how we look at and understand the foundations of faith and religious practice.
In The Dead Sea Scrolls, Professor Gary A. Rendsburgandmdash;a dedicated Dead Sea Scrolls scholar who has spent decades . While built by Evangelicals, there is much at the Museum to appeal to a Catholic Christian sensibility, even there are several things that could annoy [ ].