Helena French dictator Napoleon Bonaparte, French emperor, was one of the greatest military leaders in history. He helped remake the map of Europe and established many government and legal reforms, but constant battles eventually led to his downfall. He was the fourth of eleven children of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Romolino.
Napoleon was born on the French island of Corsica. Although a French citizen, his first language was Corsican and he did not learn to speak French until he attended the military academy as a teenager. However Napoleon quickly rose through the military ranks as a result of the chaos of the French Revolution which upended French society.
As a young officer, Napoleon served the new French republic well commanding ever more important armies and campaigns on behalf of the Directorate. As he gained in prestige, Napoleon also gained political power, eventually ruling France as First Consul and then dispensing with the facade of a republican government all together and having himself crowned Emperor.
As leader of the French and the French Army, Napoleon waged a series of brilliant campaigns against numerically superior forces and expanded French suzerainty over most of Western Europe. French victories at Austerlitz and Borodino are to this day commemorated as examples of brilliant and audacious generalship.
However he was checked by the power of the British navy and the dogged defence of the Russians. The French army which had invaded Russia and occupied Moscow was almost completely annihilated, and Napoleon escaped with only a fraction of his original troops, pursued by vengeful Russian forces.
Helena As a result of his mishandling of the war, Napoleon was deposed by the French and taken prisoner by the allies who exiled him to the tiny island of Elba off of the coast of Italy. In Napoleon escaped by boat, and landed in France, where his old soldiers rallied to his standard once again.
He occupied Paris and reinstated himself as ruler, but his reign over France was not to last. He had resumed leadership of a bankrupt and war weary country.
France had suffered tremendous losses in its Napoleonic wars and could only field a small army against the vast armies of the Russians, Prussians and British who now poured into France. Nevertheless, the superior fighting skills of the French soldiers as well as the military genius of Napoleon meant that the outcome of the contest between Napoleon and the allied armies was not certain when they met at the small town of Waterloo.
For many hours the fate of Europe hung in the balance, but eventually the French forces were destroyed and Napoleon was once again captured.
|FRANCIA MEDIA, BURGUNDY||Roman tradition[ edit ] In the Roman tradition a large variety in the meaning and importance of the imperial form of monarchy developed:|
This time he was exiled to the British outpost on St Helena, a desolate island off the coast of Africa. French loyalists planned rescue missions which did not materialize and eventually Napoleon died at St Helena, possibly from a stomach cancer but perhaps from poison.
A controversial figure during his life and after his death, Napoleon is regarded by some as a bloody tyrant and by others as an enlightened ruler and reformer. Whichever view one holds of Napoleon, few would argue that he was anything less than one of the greatest military leaders in history.Napoleon was born the same year the Republic of Genoa, a former commune of Italy, transferred Corsica to France.
The state sold sovereign rights a year before his birth in , and the island was conquered by France during the year of his birth and formally incorporated as a province in , after years under nominal Genoese rule and 14 years of independence.
The definitive biography of the great soldier-statesman by the New York Times bestselling author of The Storm of War—winner of the Los Angeles Times Book Prize for Biography and the Grand Prix of the Fondation Napoleon. Austerlitz, Borodino, Waterloo: his battles are among the greatest in history, but Napoleon Bonaparte was far more than a military genius and astute leader of men.
Watch video · Napoleon Bonaparte, the first emperor of France, is regarded as one of the greatest military leaders in the history of the West.
Napoleon - French Dictator (TV; ) Napoleon Biography.
Charles XIV John: Charles XIV John, French Revolutionary general and marshal of France (), who was elected crown prince of Sweden (), becoming regent and then king of Sweden and Norway (–44). Active in several Napoleonic campaigns between and , he subsequently shifted allegiances and formed.
Emperor of the French (French: Empereur des Français) was the title used by the House of Bonaparte starting when Napoleon Bonaparte was given the title of Emperor on 18 May by the French Senate and was crowned emperor of the French on 2 December at the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris.
The royalists attacked Bonaparte for looting Italy and warned that he might become a dictator. All told, Napoleon's forces extracted an estimated $45 million in funds from Article 1.
The French people name, and the Senate proclaims Napoleon-Bonaparte First Consul for Napoleon I, Emperor of the French (–) Giovanni Girolamo Burial: Les Invalides, Paris, France.